Docker Firewall Setup

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Setup Docker Host Firewall

  1. Debian/Ubuntu Server is assumed
  2. Designed to run on Docker Host Server

Install Requirements

# Ultimate Firewall Needed
apt-get update && apt-get install -y ufw nmap curl

Get your Internal & External IP Addresses

# Get your IP Addresses, simple output:
hostname --all-ip-addresses

# OR use ip tool, example:
ip addr

Firtewall (UFW) Setup - Example Cmds

ufw logging on # on=low - medium might be better for diagnostics
ufw logging medium
# First, block all the things
ufw default deny incoming

# REQUIRED: CHOOSE *ONE* OF THE FOLLOWING DEFAULT OUTBOUND RULES:
ufw default deny outgoing
ufw default allow outgoing


# Allow and log all new ssh connections,
ufw allow log proto tcp from any to any port 22
## Allow http traffic (w/o explicit logging)
ufw allow out on docker0 53/udp to 172.17.0.1/16
ufw allow out on eth0 to any port 53
ufw allow out on eth0 from 0.0.0.0/0 to any port 80 proto tcp
ufw allow out on eth0 from 0.0.0.0/0 to any port 443 proto tcp

# Verbose: ufw allow proto tcp from any to any port 80
ufw allow 80/tcp
ufw allow 443/tcp
ufw allow log 22/tcp
ufw limit ssh # Basic Rate limit 4 SSH brute force mitigation

# Set your ext IP
export EXTERNAL_IP=123.123.123.123
# Update docker IP if needed
export DOCKER_IP=172.17.42.1
# Forward tcp 8080 traffic to  Dockerized App
ufw allow proto tcp from $EXTERNAL_IP port 8080 to $DOCKER_IP port 3000

Enable / Start Firewall

Be Careful, Don’t Lock out your SSH port (sshd defaults to 22)

ufw --force enable

ufw reset

Test Your Firewall

Important: USE A REMOTE IP ADDR/LOCATION

# Verify dependency
apt-get update && apt-get install -y nmap

# Set scan target
export TARGET_HOST=123.123.123.123

# Example Scan Commands:
# Fast open port check
nmap -p 1-10240,27017 -T5 $TARGET_HOST
# Thorough scan
nmap -p 1-10240,27017 --open -v -APN $TARGET_HOST
# Svc Inspection
nmap -p 1-10240,27017 -O --osscan-guess $TARGET_HOST

DONE! Now you should see ONLY the ports you configured!

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